What is Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia is the abnormal development of large mammary glands in males resulting in breast enlargement. Sixty percent of males worldwide have some degree of gynecomastia. It can present at an early age or develop later in life. This condition is relatively common in boys and will usually correct itself over time. If it doesn’t, however, it can be emotionally devastating. Feelings of shame, embarrassment and humiliation are common. Although liver disease, marijuana use, obesity, or hormonal problems can cause this deformity, the majority of patients who first notice its onset are adolescent males in normal health. In cases of obesity, weight loss can alter the gynecomastic condition, but for many it will not eliminate it. Gynecomastia need not ruin a life as this not-so-uncommon condition can be corrected by plastic surgery.
Gynecomastia surgery is usually done under general anesthesia and takes between 2-4 hours. Various outpatient approaches include liposuction, direct breast tissue removal , and skin excision. After surgery, bandages will be applied to the incisions and an elastic bandage may be used to minimize swelling and to support the chest during the healing process. Light exercise may be resumed in about a week and more strenuous exercise in two weeks. Results are usually permanent, so there is no need to worry about this condition recurring.